Folders shared by other computers in the same network can be accessed from Windows even if it's shared by different operating systems and distributions such as Ubuntu Linux or macOS. This is because they use the same CIFS/SMB protocol for sharing.
You can access the shared folder from Windows using File Explorer, which you can directly launch from the Windows search bar. For this, you need to have the server's IP address or network name, username, and password of the user sharing the folder and to enable Network Discovery on your Windows system.
Related: How to show IP address in Windows
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