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Chromium is the open source project behind Google Chrome. They are very similar except that Chromium is open-source and doesn't have some proprietary bits that's added to Google Chrome.

Chromium web browser is already available in Ubuntu's default apt repository and can easily be installed from the terminal.

Tutorial video:

Install Chromium web browser on Ubuntu:

  1. Open terminal from the application launcher or via the <ctrl> + <alt> + <t> keyboard shortcut.
  2. Update apt's package list from the repository.
    $ sudo apt update
    [sudo] password for user:
    Hit:1 http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu disco-security InRelease
    Hit:2 http://my.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu disco InRelease
    Hit:3 http://my.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu disco-updates InRelease
    Hit:4 http://my.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu disco-backports InRelease
    Reading package lists... Done
    Building dependency tree
    Reading state information... Done
    6 packages can be upgraded. Run 'apt list --upgradable' to see them.
  3. Install chromium-browser package via apt.
    $ sudo apt install --assume-yes chromium-browser
    Suggested packages:
      webaccounts-chromium-extension unity-chromium-extension adobe-flashplugin
    The following NEW packages will be installed:
      chromium-browser chromium-browser-l10n
    0 upgraded, 2 newly installed, 0 to remove and 6 not upgraded.
    Need to get 62.2 MB of archives.
    After this operation, 231 MB of additional disk space will be used.
    ##### snipped
  4. Run chromium-browser from the terminal or from the application launcher.
    $ chromium-browser


Guide compatibility:

Operating System
Ubuntu 16.04 LTS (Xenial Xerus)
Ubuntu 16.10 (Yakkety Yak)
Ubuntu 17.04 (Zesty Zapus)
Ubuntu 17.10 (Artful Aardvark)
Ubuntu 18.04 LTS (Bionic Beaver)
Ubuntu 18.10 (Cosmic Cuttlefish)
Ubuntu 19.04 (Disco Dingo)