Debian along with Ubuntu and its variants come with Firefox as their default web browser. Chromium web browser, which is the open-source base of Google Chrome is available in Ubuntu's default apt repositories though Google Chrome itself is not.

Google provides official apt repository for Google Chrome so Debian and Ubuntu users can easily install Google Chrome from the terminal.

Complementary video guide:

Steps to install Google Chrome on Ubuntu and Debian:

  1. Launch Terminal from the application launcher.

    Or use the <ctrl> + <alt> + <t> keyboard shortcut.

  2. Download current Google Chrome package using wget.
    $ wget https://dl.google.com/linux/direct/google-chrome-stable_current_amd64.deb
    --2020-05-15 07:56:32--  https://dl.google.com/linux/direct/google-chrome-stable_current_amd64.deb
    Resolving dl.google.com (dl.google.com)... 172.217.24.174, 2404:6800:4001:800::200e
    Connecting to dl.google.com (dl.google.com)|172.217.24.174|:443... connected.
    HTTP request sent, awaiting response... 200 OK
    Length: 66985784 (64M) [application/x-debian-package]
    Saving to: ‘google-chrome-stable_current_amd64.deb’
    
    google-chrome-stabl 100%[===================>]  63.88M  34.3MB/s    in 1.9s    
    
    2020-05-15 07:56:34 (34.3 MB/s) - ‘google-chrome-stable_current_amd64.deb’ saved [66985784/66985784]
  3. Install downloaded .deb package using dpkg.
    $ sudo dpkg --install google-chrome-stable_current_amd64.deb
    [sudo] password for user: 
    Selecting previously unselected package google-chrome-stable.
    (Reading database ... 178996 files and directories currently installed.)
    Preparing to unpack google-chrome-stable_current_amd64.deb ...
    Unpacking google-chrome-stable (81.0.4044.138-1) ...
    Setting up google-chrome-stable (81.0.4044.138-1) ...
    update-alternatives: using /usr/bin/google-chrome-stable to provide /usr/bin/x-www-browser (x-www-browser) in auto mode
    update-alternatives: using /usr/bin/google-chrome-stable to provide /usr/bin/gnome-www-browser (gnome-www-browser) in auto mode
    update-alternatives: using /usr/bin/google-chrome-stable to provide /usr/bin/google-chrome (google-chrome) in auto mode
    Processing triggers for gnome-menus (3.36.0-1ubuntu1) ...
    Processing triggers for desktop-file-utils (0.24-1ubuntu2) ...
    Processing triggers for mime-support (3.64ubuntu1) ...
    Processing triggers for man-db (2.9.1-1) ...

    This will also add Google's apt repository for Chrome so Google Chrome in your system will automatically be updated.

    $ cat /etc/apt/sources.list.d/google-chrome.list
    ### THIS FILE IS AUTOMATICALLY CONFIGURED ###
    # You may comment out this entry, but any other modifications may be lost.
    deb [arch=amd64] http://dl.google.com/linux/chrome/deb/ stable main
  4. Run google-chrome from the terminal or from the application launcher.
    $ google-chrome

  5. Select the options that you want to enable click the Ok button to continue.
    • Make Google Chrome the default browser
    • Automatically send usage statistics and crash reports to Google
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