GlusterFS is already in available in Ubuntu's default apt repository which you can easily install using apt though it's not necessarily the latest version. To install the latest version of GlusterFS via apt you'll need to install from gluster's PPA.

GlusterFS can be installed and configured on both Ubuntu and Debian using apt from the terminal.

Steps to install GlusterFS server on Ubuntu or Debian:

  1. Launch terminal.
  2. Search for latest official GlusterFS PPA for apt (optional).
    $ wget -O - --quiet https://launchpad.net/ubuntu/+ppas\?name_filter\=glusterfs | grep "~gluster.*ubuntu/glusterfs"
      <td><a href="/~gluster/+archive/ubuntu/glusterfs-3.12">glusterfs 3.12</a></td>
      <td><a href="/~gluster/+archive/ubuntu/glusterfs-4.1">glusterfs-4.1</a></td>
      <td><a href="/~gluster/+archive/ubuntu/glusterfs-6">glusterfs-6</a></td>
      <td><a href="/~gluster/+archive/ubuntu/glusterfs-8">glusterfs-8</a></td>
      <td><a href="/~gluster/+archive/ubuntu/glusterfs-3.10">glusterfs-3.10</a></td>
      <td><a href="/~gluster/+archive/ubuntu/glusterfs-3.13">glusterfs-3.13</a></td>
      <td><a href="/~gluster/+archive/ubuntu/glusterfs-4.0">glusterfs-4.0</a></td>
      <td><a href="/~gluster/+archive/ubuntu/glusterfs-5">glusterfs-5</a></td>
      <td><a href="/~gluster/+archive/ubuntu/glusterfs-7">glusterfs-7</a></td>
      <td><a href="/~gluster/+archive/ubuntu/glusterfs-9">glusterfs-9</a></td>

    Related: PPA: GlusterFS

  3. Add latest GlusterFS ppa to apt (optional).
    $ sudo add-apt-repository ppa:gluster/glusterfs-9
    [sudo] password for user:
    Repository: 'deb http://ppa.launchpad.net/gluster/glusterfs-9/ubuntu/ hirsute main'
    Description:
    GlusterFS 9
    More info: https://launchpad.net/~gluster/+archive/ubuntu/glusterfs-9
    Adding repository.
    Press [ENTER] to continue or Ctrl-c to cancel.
    Adding deb entry to /etc/apt/sources.list.d/gluster-ubuntu-glusterfs-9-hirsute.list
    Adding disabled deb-src entry to /etc/apt/sources.list.d/gluster-ubuntu-glusterfs-9-hirsute.list
    Adding key to /etc/apt/trusted.gpg.d/gluster-ubuntu-glusterfs-9.gpg with fingerprint F7C73FCC930AC9F83B387A5613E01B7B3FE869A9
    ##### snipped
  4. Update apt's package repository.
    $ sudo apt update
    Hit:1 http://ppa.launchpad.net/gluster/glusterfs-9/ubuntu hirsute InRelease
    Hit:2 http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu hirsute InRelease
    Get:3 http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu hirsute-security InRelease [101 kB]
    Get:4 http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu hirsute-updates InRelease [109 kB]
    Hit:5 http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu hirsute-backports InRelease  
    Fetched 209 kB in 1s (147 kB/s)
    Reading package lists... Done
    Building dependency tree... Done
    Reading state information... Done
    All packages are up to date.
  5. Install glusterfs-server package and required dependencies.
    $ sudo apt install --assume-yes glusterfs-server
    Reading package lists... Done
    Building dependency tree... Done
    Reading state information... Done
    The following additional packages will be installed:
      attr fuse3 glusterfs-client glusterfs-common keyutils libaio1 libfuse3-3
      libgfapi0 libgfchangelog0 libgfrpc0 libgfxdr0 libglusterd0 libglusterfs0
      libnfsidmap2 liburcu6 liburing1 nfs-common python3-prettytable rpcbind
      xfsprogs
    Suggested packages:
      open-iscsi watchdog xfsdump quota
    The following packages will be REMOVED:
      fuse
    The following NEW packages will be installed:
      attr fuse3 glusterfs-client glusterfs-common glusterfs-server keyutils
      libaio1 libfuse3-3 libgfapi0 libgfchangelog0 libgfrpc0 libgfxdr0
      libglusterd0 libglusterfs0 libnfsidmap2 liburcu6 liburing1 nfs-common
      python3-prettytable rpcbind xfsprogs
    0 upgraded, 21 newly installed, 1 to remove and 3 not upgraded.
    Need to get 4,752 kB of archives.
    After this operation, 22.1 MB of additional disk space will be used.
    ##### snipped 

  6. Enable access to port 5667 from the local firewall.
    $ sudo ufw allow 5667
    Rules updated
    Rules updated (v6)
  7. Configure glusterd to automatically start during system boot.
    $ sudo systemctl enable glusterd
    Created symlink /etc/systemd/system/multi-user.target.wants/glusterd.service → /lib/systemd/system/glusterd.service.
  8. Start glusterd service.
    $ sudo systemctl start glusterd
  9. Create cluster for GlusterFS.
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