RAR is a proprietary file format designed for archiving files and was developed by WinRAR. WinRAR provides a Windows application to extract RAR files, while Linux users have a command-line tool called unrar.
Although unrar is exclusively a command-line utility for Linux, it is also available on other Unix-based operating systems like macOS and FreeBSD. Most Linux distributions include unrar in their default package manager repositories, allowing easy installation and use through the terminal.
$ file archive.rar archive.rar: RAR archive data, v5
$ sudo apt update && sudo apt install --assume-yes unrar # Ubuntu and Debian [sudo] password for user: ##### snipped The following NEW packages will be installed: unrar 0 upgraded, 1 newly installed, 0 to remove, and 0 not upgraded. Need to get 113 kB of archives. After this operation, 400 kB of additional disk space will be used. ##### snipped
$ sudo yum install --assumeyes epel-release && sudo yum install --assumeyes unar # CentOS 7 and other Red Hat variance [sudo] password for user:
The package name and the corresponding binary is unar instead of unrar. This is also only available for CentOS / Red Hat 7 or below.
> sudo zypper refresh && sudo zypper -n install unrar #OpenSUSE and other SUSE variance [sudo] password for root: d Repository 'Main Repository (NON-OSS)' is up to date. Repository 'Main Repository (OSS)' is up to date. Repository 'Main Update Repository' is up to date. All repositories have been refreshed. Loading repository data... Reading installed packages... Resolving package dependencies... The following NEW package is going to be installed: unrar 1 new package to install. Overall download size: 155.3 KiB. Already cached: 0 B. After the operation, additional 334.1 KiB will be used. Continue? [y/n/v/...? shows all options] (y): y
$ unrar l archive.rar UNRAR 5.71 freeware Copyright (c) 1993-2019 Alexander Roshal Archive: archive.rar Details: RAR 5 Attributes Size Date Time Name ----------- --------- ---------- ----- ---- -rw-rw-r-- 0 2019-11-02 01:41 archive/folder-02/file-02 -rw-rw-r-- 0 2019-11-02 01:41 archive/folder-02/file-01 -rw-rw-r-- 0 2019-11-02 01:41 archive/folder-01/file-02 -rw-rw-r-- 0 2019-11-02 01:41 archive/folder-01/file-01 drwxrwxr-x 0 2019-11-02 01:41 archive/folder-02 drwxrwxr-x 0 2019-11-02 01:41 archive/folder-01 drwxrwxr-x 0 2019-11-02 01:41 archive ----------- --------- ---------- ----- ---- 0 7
$ df -h temp/ Filesystem Size Used Avail Use% Mounted on /dev/sda2 20G 4.3G 15G 23% /
$ mkdir directory
$ cd directory
$ unrar x ~/file.rar UNRAR 5.71 freeware Copyright (c) 1993-2019 Alexander Roshal Extracting from /home/user/file.rar Creating folder OK Creating folder/sub-01 OK Extracting folder/sub-01/file-01 OK Extracting folder/sub-01/file-02 OK All OK
Other unrar options.
$ unrar UNRAR 5.71 freeware Copyright (c) 1993-2019 Alexander Roshal Usage: unrar <command> -<switch 1> -<switch N> <archive> <files...> <@listfiles...> <path_to_extract\> <Commands> e Extract files without archived paths l[t[a],b] List archive contents [technical[all], bare] p Print file to stdout t Test archive files v[t[a],b] Verbosely list archive contents [technical[all],bare] x Extract files with full path
$ ls -R .: folder ./folder: sub-01 ./folder/sub-01: file-01 file-02
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