Hard drive lasts longer if it runs within the optimal operating temperature. It is then important to monitor hard drive's temperature to ensure it's longevity.
Harddrive or harddisk normally has built in temperature sensor. Thermal information of the hard drive is managed by the harddrive's built-in S.M.A.R.T. (Self-Monitoring, Analysis, and Reporting Technology) system. You can monitor temperature for both magnetic hard drive and Solid State Drive or SSD.
Harddisk temperature information can be viewed using hddtemp utility in Linux at the terminal.
$ sudo apt update && sudo apt install --assume-yes hddtemp
$ sudo systemctl start hddtemp
$ sudo systemctl enable hddtemp hddtemp.service is not a native service, redirecting to systemd-sysv-install. Executing: /lib/systemd/systemd-sysv-install enable hddtemp
$ lsblk | grep disk sda 8:0 0 465.8G 0 disk
$ sudo hddtemp /dev/sda /dev/sda: TOSHIBA MQ01ACF050: 39°C
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