Linux comes with many flavors in the form of distributions. Some of the more popular distributions are
Things are different enough between each distributions that some commands and methods could work differently between them. This is also sometimes true for different version of the same distribution.
It is therefore important for you to check the
Linux distribution name and version of the system that you're administering . This is especially true if you're accessing remote machines via
SSH which doesn't have the
GUI where you could quickly guess both the distribution name and version.
You can check the name of the
Linux distribution along with the version and other details from the command line. Some of these methods are not standardized so you might need to try the one that works for your system.
$ cat /etc/centos-release CentOS Linux release 8.3.2011
$ cat /etc/system-release CentOS Linux release 8.3.2011
The file is normally just a symbolic link to
$ ls -l /etc/system-release lrwxrwxrwx. 1 root root 14 Nov 10 10:49 /etc/system-release -> centos-release
Linuxdistribution by viewing the content of
$ cat /etc/os-release NAME="CentOS Linux" VERSION="8" ID="centos" ID_LIKE="rhel fedora" VERSION_ID="8" PLATFORM_ID="platform:el8" PRETTY_NAME="CentOS Linux 8" ANSI_COLOR="0;31" CPE_NAME="cpe:/o:centos:centos:8" HOME_URL="https://centos.org/" BUG_REPORT_URL="https://bugs.centos.org/" CENTOS_MANTISBT_PROJECT="CentOS-8" CENTOS_MANTISBT_PROJECT_VERSION="8"
$ cat /etc/lsb-release DISTRIB_ID=Ubuntu DISTRIB_RELEASE=20.10 DISTRIB_CODENAME=groovy DISTRIB_DESCRIPTION="Ubuntu 20.10"
OSand distribution information using
$ hostnamectl Static hostname: host Icon name: computer-vm Chassis: vm Machine ID: 38fcf097cda64808aef7af32f0834151 Boot ID: 1b67469d661444dca2bf8b55d2b82028 Virtualization: vmware Operating System: Ubuntu 20.10 Kernel: Linux 5.8.0-34-generic Architecture: x86-64
Linuxsystem information using
$ uname -a Linux host 5.8.0-34-generic #37-Ubuntu SMP Thu Dec 10 18:01:14 UTC 2020 x86_64 x86_64 x86_64 GNU/Linux
Some information can be inferred such as kernel version
5.8 for this system is what
Ubuntu 20.10 ships with.
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